Comparison between Mao Zedong’s and Deng Xiaoping’s Socialism View

Abstract: directed by Rong Chang HaiThe socialism view is the cognition of what socialism is and how to builds the socialism. It is the knowledge system including the three levels (method principle, the value goal and realization way) of the knowledge system as a whole.From the three levels, Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping in understanding the methodology of social principles and values objectives all persisted Materialism, reflect the basic consistency. They all stand in the position of working class and the interests of the people, using a pragmatic approach, to understand the socialism. Moreover, the same cultural tradition and common political value urge their versions’ inherent consistency.However, the times in different environments, they are different in using of specific methods and pursuit of goals. Mao Zedong was in the historical period that the Soviet Union, China and other socialist countries have got the early victory of war, economic development, new technological revolution have not been utilizated fully, and Deng Xiaoping was in the time that China’s domestic economy setback, followed by significant changes in the international communist movement, the capitalism used the macro-capitalist control means and technology revolution and gained the rapid development. Therefore, in the basic concept of social construction, what Mao Zedong considered is how to play to advantages of the socialist system to exceed capitalism, what Deng Xiaoping consider is how to enhance the productivity of socialism and catch-up capitalism. In pursuit of social goals, Mao Zedong pays great attention to the equality, Deng Xiaoping pays more attention to the gradual prosperity based on the development of productive forces.In means of realization of socialism, the two socialist’s concept reflect fundamentally different:Mao Zedong devotes to playing the superiority of the socialist public ownership, choosing a spiritual incentive-based approach to solve dynamic problems in economic construction, and stands for “class struggle as the key link “to restrict the distribution according to the” bourgeois rights “, realizing ” grasping revolution and promoting production “at last; Deng Xiaoping devotes to overcome the shortcomings of the socialist planned economy, choosing a material incentive-based approach to solve the economic Construction of dynamic problems, and stands for the ” economic development as the center “,adopts the market economy method “let some people get rich first”,and eventually achieve common prosperity.We can draw conclusion from the comparison above as the following:because of the idealistic society should undergo a long history with great endeavors, so the socialistic construction should also adapt its strategy and tactics according to the specific historical condition in different period; furthermore, the building of socialism should also have a advisable cognition and judge of the contemporary capitalism. China socialist construction practice essential processes the Chinese culture, the Western culture and the Marxism relations.The comparison shows that despite the difference of two of the socialist concept have subjective factors, but mainly because of objective factors, that is, the different historical conditions. Present, compared with Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping era, great changes of the objective conditions of the times has taken place, on the one hand, China’s socialist cause in productivity’s field has undergone major changes for the better, on the other hand, the capitalist-driven globalization led to increasingly serious ecological problems and non-traditional security issues. This inherently requires us to make accurate judgments in current and future’s development of socialist reform and development:the way that socialism cope with crisis and create a superior way to approach the development pattern of capitalism is to achieve further docking of market economy and Chinese culture…

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